Senior Resources » Medicare Moments Podcast with Toni King: What Are the Parts of Medicare?

Medicare Moments Podcast with Toni King: What Are the Parts of Medicare?

Medicare Moments with Toni King


Medicare is a government-controlled insurance program that every American can qualify for, thus giving them medical care coverage when turning 65, during retirement, or if they are unable to work before 65 due to a disability. In a world where medical costs continue to rise, and for retirees, their income often does not, Medicare provides a safety net to help them address their various medical issues. We all deal with them as we age, and some of those chronic conditions and the medications used to treat them can have a huge financial impact. 


However, Medicare is not just one insurance plan that covers everything. Medicare is divided into parts, often known as Medicare Part A, Part B, Part C, and Part D. Each of these parts covers a specific aspect of your medical care. Tailoring your Medicare choices can be done based on who you have as a doctor, what your health conditions are, what types of medications you take, and what they cost. 

Medicare Moments with Toni King: What Are the Parts of Medicare?

There is a lot to consider as you begin the enrollment process. I want to start with Part A and what it covers. 

Medicare Part A (Hospital Insurance)

Medicare Part A is the in-hospital part of Original Medicare. Most people do not have to pay for Medicare Part A. You or your spouse must have worked at least 10 years (40 quarters), paying into the social security system, to receive Medicare Part A premium-free. 

Usually, Medicare Part A begins the first day of the month you turn 65 and are enrolled in Medicare, or the 25th month if you are under 65 and receiving Social Security disability benefits. For those not receiving Social Security at 65  and are still working and want to enroll in Medicare, you must go online to, 3 months prior to turning 65, and enroll in Medicare to be sure your Medicare begins the month you turn 65. This is Very Important!


Those still working with an HSA may consider not enrolling in Medicare due to the fact that even if you are enrolled in Medicare Part A, you can no longer fund your HSA.

What does Medicare Part A Pay for?

There is more covered than just in-patient hospital stays. For instance, if you have surgery, a skilled nursing stay, or need blood, then that is covered under Medicare Part A. Your chronic condition might require home health care or hospice. That is covered under Medicare Part A also.

Here is what is covered under Medicare Part A:

  • Blood 
  • Home health care
  • Hospice care 
  • Skilled nursing facility 
  • Most importantly, it covers in-patient hospital stays 

Medicare Part B (Medical Insurance)

Medicare Part B pays for medically necessary services, such as doctors’ services, office visits, a doctor performing surgery, outpatient hospital care, and home health care that Medicare Part A does not cover. It also helps pay for preventive services 

Now, it is important to recognize that while you might not have premiums for Part A, you are going to have a premium deducted for Part B. This premium can be deducted from your social security check, but if you are not collecting your social security, you will have to pay a monthly premium, as you pay for health insurance now. 

I also want to be clear that your Medicare Part B premium is not frozen at one price. In fact, it is going to change from year to year.


Now, you might be deciding to not take Medicare Part B, for a variety of reasons. For instance, you might think that the premium is out of reach for your budget; or, you might be thinking, I don’t get sick. These are not reasons to avoid enrolling in Medicare Part B. 

There are no exceptions to the enrolling process for Medicare Part B, so make sure when you are ready to get on Medicare that you enroll and take Medicare Part B. This is especially important if you are not working full-time, with an employer’s group benefits, or if you are not covered by a working spouse. 

The Medicare Part B penalty is a 10% penalty per 12-month period that you could have had Medicare Part B but chose not to enroll or take it. This penalty is not limited to a specific timeframe but must be paid in addition to your monthly premium for the rest of your life. You can see how quickly this could get very expensive. After one year, the penalty is 10%, but after 3 years, it is up to 30%, and so on. 

Usually, Medicare Part B begins the first day of the month you turn 65 and are enrolled in Medicare, or the 25th month if you are under 65 and receiving Social Security benefits. For those not receiving Social Security benefits prior to turning 65, you must go to Social Security 3 months prior to turning 65, and enroll in Medicare, or go online at to be sure your Medicare Part B begins the month you turn 65. This is Very Important!

What does Medicare Part B pay for?

  • Medical and other services (outpatient surgery, surgeon, doctor visits, anesthesiologist, pathologists, second surgical opinion, etc.). 
  • Clinical laboratory services 
  • Home health care 
  • Durable medical equipment 
  • Blood 

Important: Remember that doctors or suppliers must agree to accept Medicare Assignment. This assignment means that the patient will not be required to pay any expense in excess of Medicare’s approved charge. For many patients, this can be a cost savings in terms of what you must pay out of pocket. 

Original Medicare Part A/Part B and Medicare Supplement

To have your Original Medicare Part A and Part B deductibles and co-pays out-of-pocket cost picked up is with a Medicare Supplement. The Medicare and You Handbook states that the best time is to buy a Medicare Supplement/Medigap policy without having to answer any health questions. This special time is called your Medigap Open Enrollment Period. The period lasts for 6 months and begins on the first day of the month when you are both 65 or older and have enrolled in Medicare Part B. At the Toni Says office when a team member consults with a client, we treat enrolling in Medicare Part B like gold, because if you are past your Medigap open enrollment period, then you must answer health questions and that can refrain you from enrolling in a Medicare Supplement because you can be declined. But during the 6-month open enrollment period, as I said earlier, there are NO health questions. 

Medicare Part C (Medicare Advantage Plan)

I am sure that most Americans are bombarded with Medicare Part C marketing material and most turning 65 are confused with all the mail and marketing telephone calls that begin 6 months prior to turning 65.  

Medicare Part C is another way to get your Medicare benefits and have what Original/Traditional Medicare does not pay for, paid by the Medicare Advantage Plan. Private insurance companies, approved by Medicare, manage Medicare Part C. These Medicare Advantage plans must cover medically necessary services but can charge different co-payments, co-insurance, or deductibles for these services. 

There are a variety of Medicare Advantage Plans available, and each of them has different pros and cons, depending on your medical needs. It is important to recognize that you need to review each of these plans to determine the one that will fit your needs. What is included in a Medicare Advantage Plan? Always ask your medical provider or facility if they are accepting what plan you wish to enroll in.

First, a Medicare Advantage Plan or Part C is a health plan option (HMO, PPO, PFFS, MSA & SNP), which is operated by a private insurance company. To access this coverage, you need to present your Medicare Advantage Insurance Card, not your Medicare card. 

It is also important to note that an Advantage Plan is not the same as a Medicare Supplement Plan. They cover different aspects of care at different rates, and this could impact your out-of-pocket costs. Also, keep in mind the following:

  • An MAPD plan provides your Medicare Part A (hospital insurance) and Medicare Part B (medical insurance) medically necessary services that Original/Traditional Medicare Plan provides.
  • MAPD plans charge copayments, coinsurance, and deductibles for all services. 
  • MAPD Plans offer extra benefits that Original Medicare does not offer, such as vision, hearing, dental, diet, and exercise/gym programs.
  • Most Medicare Advantage Plans have a network of providers. 

Check with your hospital and doctor before you attempt to enroll in a Medicare Part C Advantage Plan. Find out if they accept the plan you are choosing.

Medicare Part D (Prescription Drug Plan)

Medicare Part D helps cover prescription drugs and can be especially important if you deal with chronic conditions requiring multiple prescriptions. This coverage helps to lower your prescription drug costs. You are only required to have Medicare Part A to be eligible for a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan. 

Most people enroll in both Medicare Part A and Part B when they become eligible for Medicare, but some will wait until later to get Medicare Part D. There are many reasons for delaying Medicare Part D, such as having group benefits, still working, or having VA benefits. Medicare does not force you to enroll in a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan. However, there is a catch if you fail to enroll when you are first eligible, you will face a penalty of 1% per month that you wait to enroll. 

You can only change your Medicare Advantage or Medicare Part D plan during Medicare Annual Enrollment from October 15th to December 7th every year, which Medicare calls the Annual Enrollment Period. This enrollment period allows you to make changes to the plan you might have previously chosen, as well as enroll if you had previously delayed enrolling in Medicare Part D. Let’s say you wait 3 years or 36 months to enroll in a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan. You will pay a PENALTY of 36 months x 1% = 36% more for as long as you are on Medicare. Don’t wait!

Related: Medicare Part D Penalty Costs WHAT?

Here is what you need to know about Medicare Part D Plans. First, there are two ways to enroll, such as a stand-alone with Original Medicare and a Medicare Supplement, or with Original Medicare only. 

Medicare Part D Drug Tiers

  • Tier 1 – Preferred generic
  • Tier 2 – Non-preferred generic
  • Tier 3 – Preferred brand-name
  • Tier 4 – Non-preferred brand-name drugs
  • Tier 5 – Specialty drugs

There is also the Famous Donut Hole (which we will discuss in a future podcast). As you are choosing a plan, it is critical to verify that your prescriptions are covered under that plan. If not, you need to be sure to find a plan that includes as many of your medications as possible. Visit to explore your Medicare Part D plan options.

If you are not going to enroll in a Medicare Part D prescription drug plan, then you need to make sure that your current prescription plan is creditable. Creditable plans could include veterans’ benefits or an employer/union group health plan. Social Security will allow you to delay enrolling in Medicare with a creditable prescription plan, but you need to make sure you have documented your previous coverage.

You have 63 days to enroll in a Medicare Part D prescription drug plan when leaving a “Creditable” Prescription coverage plan.

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Turning 65 in America is a milestone and one of the markers is enrolling in Medicare. But the system is so complicated, and there is a lot of false information out there.

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• Losing Retirement Benefits

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• The Donut Hole
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Originally published September 07, 2022

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